Essay Earth and Mars
Posted in : Geology and Geophysics on by : cut Comments:
A comparison of the two planets discussing whether Earth can become extinct the way Mars did.
The paper details the similarities between Earth and Mars explaining that Mars once had its own water cycle. The paper explains what an asteroid is and asserts that asteroids probably destroyed Mars. It speculates whether an asteroid can destroy Earth and discusses ways to prevent this from happening.
“A billion or so years ago, a frozen lake covered the plains that were alive. Most of the other volcanoes had stopped spewing gases, the temperature and atmospheric pressure on Mars were so low that ice from the lake surface sublimated. These formed into vapor without melting as water. The water vapor formed clouds that dropped snow onto the volcano’s slopes. The volcano’s magma chamber warmed the slopes enough to melt the bottom layers of the deep snow pack.”