Essay Voice Over IP
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Explains this technology, which enables users to speak over the Internet.
‘Voice over IP is a term used in IP telephony for a set of facilities that manages the delivery of voice information using the Internet Protocol (IP). The paper explains that this technology involves sending voice information in digital form in discrete packets rather than in the traditional circuit-committed protocols of the public, switched telephone network. The paper discusses the major advantages of VoIP and Internet telephony, including the fact that they avoid the tolls charged by ordinary telephone services.
Not surprisingly, given the advantage of VoIP, long-distance telephone service providers have taken measures to impede its progress. For example, in 1996, they petitioned the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to ban phone calls over the Internet even though a regulation-free Internet was the stance of the FCC, That petition was dropped but a similar one resurfaced in the U.S. Congress in 1998. The general argument has been that VoIP should be seen as a telecommunications service rather than as an information service and should therefore be a regulated service.”